The Reixela forest is seen as the most important area of native forest in the region by the specialists and one of the most important ones of the entire Douro Litoral province. This forest shows the dynamic nature of the vegetation and how it developed away from human use or interference. With agricultural and pastoral activities being discontinued in these areas the vegetation was able to recover in a natural way and large oak woods, namely the common oak (Quercus robur), but also some Pyrenean oak (Quercus pyrenaica) developed.
This forest expands over an area of over 15 hectares and is a refugee for a diversity of natural species, such as the round-winged eagle, deer and wild boar. In the shadow of the magnificent oak woods several species of arthropods can be observed, many of them endangered and difficult to find in other parts.
Besides the oak woods, there are also other tree species, some of them fairly abundant, such as the chestnut, holly, alder, willow, ash tree and the wild pear tree and butcher’s broom.
Tip: Click on the pictures to enlarge.