Adventure Land, Trails of the Serra da Aboboreira

PR1 Natural Forest Trail

The Mother Church of St. John of Ovil marks the beginning of this journey. As a curiosity, you can see part of a Romanesque frieze on the north facade of the church, a testimony of a first temple erected here.

After starting the course, the landscape seen in the half-slope areas reflects the dynamic nature of the vegetation and the way it evolved in the absence of uses and other disturbances caused by man. The agricultural and pastoral abandonment allowed the recovery of spontaneous vegetation and the development of extensive young oaks.

The high forests of giestas and coats complete the landscape and reflect the path that nature makes towards the forest. Despite dominating this landscape, the natural forest is interspersed here and there by some forest stands of eucalyptus and wild pine. The slopes of the mountain range are furrowed by several lines of water, colonized by black willow and alder. There you can see several species of fauna, such as the Iberian frog or the water lizard, whose males can be distinguished quite well in the breeding season by the turquoise coloring of the neck and head.

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At the top of the route you will find most of the most emblematic monuments of the Megalithic Complex of the Serra da Aboboreira: the menir da Pena and the dolmens of Chã de Parada 1 and Girls of the Crasto 3.

The configuration and implantation on the ground of the granite monolith of Pena, allows us to guess that it could be a menir. If this hypothesis is confirmed, we will be in the presence of the only menir of the Serra da Aboboreira.

Dolmen 1 of Chã de Parada, National Monument since 1910, impresses all those who pass through its dimensions and the quietness of place. The same happened to the writer José Saramago, who recorded his experience:

 "The traveler turns, there is the corridor, and in there the room is spacious, taller than the whole from the outside seemed (...) and nothing has. There are no limits to silence. Under these stones, the traveler withdraws from the world. (...) that men will have lifted by arm and arm this very heavy slab, trimmed and perfected as a defile, and which speak if they spoke underneath it, that dead here were laid. The traveler sits on the sandy floor, he gathers between two fingers a tender stalk that was born by a stalk, and bowing his head, finally hears his own heart. "

Travel to Portugal, p. 34

Some prehistoric engravings can also be observed in some of the supports that make up the dolmen chamber. Its observation is more noticeable when its location is known, so it is advisable to mark a guided visit, through the Archaeological Center of the Municipal Museum of Baião. It is incumbent upon all the responsibility for the conservation and preservation of these prints for generations to come.

In contrast, you can appreciate the gracefulness of Girls of Crasto 3, of much more modest dimensions. In addition to the visit to the megalithic monuments, do not forget to enjoy the simple decoration of some alminhas of the century. XIX, refresh yourself in the Fonte do Mel and see why they call the shepherds of the Sierra "Stone of Sun" to an isolated granite batholith, which by having this characteristic, works naturally as a sundial.

Finish the journey by enjoying the beauty of the landscape that can be seen from the Chapels of the Chapel of Senhora da Guia.

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