Land of Culture, Millennial Land

Centre for Archaeology of the Municipal Museum of Baião

Wlhilst today there are only scarce remains of the first sites of settlements, occupied during the 5th Millennium BC, the settlements of the 2nd and 1st Millennium already show an intense occupation of the territory, strategically built, whose populations already worked with bronze and were connected with more distant areas of the Iberian Peninsula, as some of the objects exhibited in the Centre for Archaeology of the Municipal Museum of Baião proof.

The era of the megaliths and the Age of Bronze occupy a prominent place in the Centre for Archaeology.

The scale model with 120 human figures shows the different construction phases of a dolmen and its tumulus (a mound made of soil and stones). Visitors learn about the different burial monuments and the evolution of this ritual from the Neolithic period until the end of the Bronze Age.

The collective burials changed over into single and personalised burials, namely the individual being accompanied with objects symbolizing status such as the arrowheads made of copper in a first phase and a single gift in a second phase.

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The evolution of the settlement during the Bronze Age is the second topic to be covered. Of all settlements, Bouça do Frade is placed in the foreground. Its mark is a large vase for provisions, ornamented with medallions and with a small pot with a handle and charred wild pear seeds on the inside.

The Iron Age and the period of Roman occupation are represented by a unique hillfort: the hillfort of Cruito.

From the Middle Age, the iron spur of the Castle of Matos (noblemen’s castle of Baião) stands out as it is the oldest found in Portugal from the times of Christian reconquest.

The educational services of the main museum coordinate heritage projects, organise school visits to the monuments of the county as well as activities for different forms of expressions: artistic, corporal and dramatic.

Tip: Click on the pictures to enlarge.

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