If the first sites of settlement occupied during the 5th millennium BC are still sparse remains, the settlements of the 2nd and 1st millenium already show an intense occupation of the territory, with distinct strategies, whose populations already worked the bronze and maintained contacts with regions more remote from the Iberian Peninsula, mirrored in some objects at [...]

Although not known the date of its foundation, it is known that in 1120 this Monastery belonged already to the Diocese of Porto, being connected to the Canons Regrantes of St. Augustine. In 1141, D. Afonso Henriques sold the Charter de Couto to the abbot of the Monastery for 150 morabitinos. In 1560, it is annexed to the Convent of S. Domingos [...]

The monument is located in the center of a large hill, on a granite outcrop, standing out in the landscape. The mamoa contains an enclosed dolmen, with a small funerary chamber. The stone casing of the mamoa (lithic shell) was maintained, being replaced by another in the excavated areas, in order to preserve the monument. Period: 1st met. of […]

The monument is located in the center of a large hill, on a granite outcrop, standing out in the landscape. Dolmen closed but with a small "window" type opening to the east. It was decided to maintain the lithic shell that covered the mamoa, building in the excavated areas, in its replacement, a similar structure, with a view to the conservation of the monument. [...]

The first monument excavated in the Serra da Aboboreira, in 1978, within the scope of the Archaeological Field. Medium sized dolmen, with a small entrance to the east, marked by a threshold. It only conserves four of its seven original supports, identified in the excavations by their settlement alveoli. In addition to a possible fragment of cover, which is [...]

Large monument, built on a natural elevation, standing out strongly in the landscape. It is an open dolmen, without corridor, with an elongated polygonal shape, and composed of seven supports. Unfortunately, some of these supports were broken to be used in the construction of the Tapado that is immediately to the west. Period: 1st half of the IV millennium BC (?)

The occupation of the region continues throughout the medieval period, standing out the hill of the Castle of Matos. Strong brand in the landscape and the identity of Baião because it was the place chosen by the lord of this territory for the construction of the castle that in the middle of the century. XI commanded the destinies of the Land of Bayam. It was [...]

During the Roman occupation of this territory the people opted to live mainly on the slopes and valleys of the main water courses, with the river Ovil and Douro obviously standing out. That is where remains of Roman tracks and various hill forts in topographically relevant sites can be found.